Mar 30

Visit our new Atlantic forest pages to see stunning images and videos of the forest, and read about the fantastic biodiversity found there, the threats the forest is facing and the conservation projects working to protect this amazing place.

Photo of Atlantic forest canopy with flowering Cassia and Tibouchina trees

The Atlantic forest is the first of five new ARKive eco-regions which are being supported by HSBC as part of their HSBC Climate Partnership.

The Atlantic forest

The Atlantic forest is found on the east coast of South America and is one of the most diverse and biologically rich forests in the world, but also one of the most highly endangered. The huge diversity of plant and animal species, many of which are found nowhere else, has led to the designation of the Atlantic forest as a global ‘hotspot’ of biodiversity.

A menagerie of mammals

Home to an amazing array of mammals, including 26 endemic primates – from the largest of the New World primates, the northern and southern muriquis to the famous lion tamarins

Photo of a golden-headed lion tamarin

Today, surviving populations of the golden-headed lion tamarin are scattered and thinly distributed.

Other mammals found in the Atlantic forest range from the marsupial shrewish short-tailed opossum, to the rarest sloth in the world the maned three-toed sloth.

Photo of a maned three-toed sloth

Less than 5% of the maned three-toed sloth's Atlantic forest habitat now remains.

A plethora of plants

An incredible eight percent of the world’s plant species are found in the Atlantic forest, and more than half of the tree species are found nowhere else – including the threatened Brazilian rosewood, pau brasil and Parana pine.

Photo of Parana pine trees in forest

An important commercial timber species the Critically Endangered Parana pine has been over exploited for its high quality wood.

 A bonanza of birds and other biodiversity

With an estimated 936 bird species, 311 reptiles, 483 amphibians, more than 350 endemic fish species, over 2,120 butterflies and countless other invertebrates, it isn’t hard to understand why the Atlantic forest is such a special place and so important to conserve.

Photo of a red-browed amazon

The red-browed Amazon is found primarily in humid lowland forest patches of the Atlantic forest.

Visit our Atlantic forest pages to find more of the colourful variety of species which live in this stunning eco-region.

  • enrico (March 30th, 2011 at 5:41 pm):

    Immagini strabilianti.

  • Goran Vukmirica (April 3rd, 2011 at 8:16 am):

    Very amazing pictures,glad to see!

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