Species: Parana pine (Araucaria angustifolia)
Status: Critically Endangered (CR)
Interesting Fact: The Parana pine is one of Brazil’s rarest trees.
Historically a widespread species, the Parana pine is now only found in about 3% of its former range. Today relic populations of this species can be found in areas of Brazil,Argentina and Paraguay. The Parana pine is dioecious, meaning male and female flowers are borne on separate plants. This species is wind pollinated, and two years after pollination, large cones containing the seeds develop in the upper branches of mature trees. The seeds produced by this majestic tree are an important food source for a wide variety of animals, including birds and small rodents as well as local human populations, who have been exploiting them for centuries.
The Parana pine suffered from intensive, unsustainable logging throughout the 20th century as its high quality wood was exploited for the timber trade. Its fruit and seeds were also heavily exploited. Amongst the remaining population, there is a significant lack of fruiting trees, and so the reproduction potential of this species is low. Sale of this species was banned in 2001, and a number protected areas have been established where remaining populations of this species is found.
See more information about the Parana pine on the Gymnosperm Database website
View photos of the Parana pine on ARKive.