Mar 30
Photo of Tehuantepec jackrabbit in a resting site

Tehuantepec jackrabbit (Lepus flavigularis)

Species: Tehuantepec jackrabbit (Lepus flavigularis)

Status: Endangered (EN)

Interesting Fact: The Tehuantepec jackrabbit has impressively long ears which can measure up to 12 centimetres in length.

The Tehuantepec jackrabbit is considered to be the most endangered hare species in the world. Like other hares, it is characterised by its long legs, large hind feet, huge ears and superb running ability. This species is active at night or at dawn and dusk, sheltering in cover during the day. Like most hares, it does not dig burrows, instead relying on its camouflage and speed to escape predators. Young Tehuantepec jackrabbits, known as leverets, are well developed at birth and are left in a concealed place by the female, who only returns to nurse them briefly each day. This species is named after its distribution around the Gulf of Tehuantepec, Mexico.

Only four small, isolated populations of Tehuantepec jackrabbits remain, with a total population estimated at fewer than 1,000 individuals. This species has a restricted range and is threatened by habitat loss and human-caused fires, as well as by hunting. Unfortunately, conservation laws are not well enforced and this species’ habitat is unprotected. Urgent protection of its habitat is therefore needed, together with better enforcement of hunting regulations. Captive breeding, educational programmes and further research may also benefit this rare hare.

Find out more about the conservation of rabbits and hares at the World Lagomorph Society and the IUCN/SSC Lagomorph Specialist Group.

See more images of the Tehuantepec jackrabbit on ARKive.

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Liz Shaw, ARKive Text Author

  • Carol (March 30th, 2013 at 2:18 pm):

    Hi, looks just like hares we get here in UK. Very likely need the the same diet and care. Have reared and kept hares, their dietary needs are different to rabbits and they need raised seats for protection from predators – they find these themselves. I refer to our hares here in UK. Pleased there is a captive breeding program! Would be interested in breeding, feeding and rearing within the captive breeding program. I use calcium casinate in the diet especially the young which grow fast. Very easy to get stunted growth when rearing hares! Anyone nowing about the captive breeding prog.would like to find out more. Hares get very attached to people who rear them and have to be released very carefully. Love having a hare on my lap licking my hand – so sweet. Would say jackrabbits were very closely related to our hare. Got separated with continental drift thousands of years ago. Very interesting article! Thank you very much!

  • Doug Norris (April 1st, 2013 at 12:01 pm):

    Is this also an April Fool’s joke
    Jackrabbit: Cross of a jackal and a rabbit?

  • Lily Austin (May 29th, 2013 at 6:19 pm):

    It seems that a jackrabbit is such a common thing, but finding out that it is an endangered species is quite a surprise. I have gone to areas around New Mexico and they are almost everywhere.