Species name: goliath frog
Nominated by: Synchronicity Earth
IUCN Red List classification: Endangered
What is so special about your species?
The goliath frog is the world’s largest frog. It is known only from south-western Cameroon from the region of Nkongsamba, and south to Monte Alen in mainland Equatorial Guinea. It is generally found at low to medium altitudes. These enormous frogs can weigh more than 3kg, and when they extend their powerful hind legs they can measure more than 80cm from their snout to the tip of their toes. They live in or near fast-flowing rivers and streams in rainforest. Breeding takes place in streams and small rivers. The young rest by flowing water during the day.
What are the threats to this species in the wild?
The goliath frog is threatened mainly by hunting for its meat. Through much of its range, goliath frogs have now been hunted out from the areas around villages. Rising human population densities mean that there are fewer and fewer places far enough from human settlements where the animals can be safe. Hunters use special traps to catch the animals and the meat of the frogs is highly prized and eaten in the form of a special “goulash”. The species is also threatened by loss of its forest habitat, leading to siltation and pollution of rivers.
As an Endangered amphibian, the goliath frog is emblematic of the problems facing frogs around the planet. They are the planet’s most threatened class of vertebrates, with 40% at risk of extinction.
What can people do to help your species?
The Cameroon Herpetology-Conservation Biology Foundation, with the support of Global Wildlife Conservation, is leading the work to tackle the threats of over-harvesting and habitat loss. This work is: 1) raising conservation awareness in communities that interact with frog populations, and 2) restoring altered habitats where they have been disturbed. Because these frogs are a type of bushmeat and food source, the key to successful conservation is in working directly with communities hunting the species. By raising awareness and garnering community support, the Cameroon Herpetology-Conservation Biology Foundation works to change behaviour and reduce hunting. There is also an urgent need to understand the breeding biology of the species better and to identify the most important surviving populations.